head control, active movements in extremities, and turning head
- The most important part of the first 3 months is establishing a sleep wake cycle (your child will sleep a lot these first few months but that’s because they are growing and sleep is important)
- By 2 months, your child is lifting their head and turning from one side to the other (want to encourage turning to both right and left sides)
- Active movements of the arms and legs while on back (reaching up and kicking)
- Your child is beginning to attempt to roll from back to stomach
- In a supported sitting position, you child is able to hold their head in the middle
- On the back or in a supported sitting position (on the back is easier), your child will visually track a toy from one side across the middle to the other side.
- Your child is beginning to open and close their hands
head control, rolling and supported sitting
- By 3 months, you child should be able to hold their head up in a supported sitting position and lift their head up when on their tummy.
- Rolling from their back to stomach and stomach to back (over both sides)
- Pressing up on their hands and beginning to straighten their arms when in Tummy time
- Beginning to reach for toys with both hands while on tummy
- On tummy, starting to shift weight from one side to another
- Sitting with arms forward (prop sitting) and weight through their arms and by 6 months close to sitting independently
- Your child is bringing objects to the middle and beginning to hold the bottle with both hands
sitting, moving in and out of sitting and emerging crawling
- You child is now able to sit independently
- In sitting, your child is now starting to reach for toys and return to an upright sitting position to play with toys with both hands
- From a sitting position, your child will reach for toys and then transition onto their tummy for play and then push from their tummy back into a sitting position.
- By 8-9 months, your child will continue to get stronger and will be able to go from laying on their back right up into a sitting position.
- In tummy time, your child is able to push up onto straight arms and then tuck legs underneath them to get onto their hands and knees
- In hands and knees, your child will begin to rock back and forth and could potentially begin creeping forward on their hands and knees.
- It is not abnormal for children to begin crawling by going backwards but the goal is a forward motion with crawling.
- While on their back, your child will bring their feet to their hands and eventually their feet to their mouth.
crawling, pulling to stand and cruising
- Now your child is getting mobile and mischievous (although it makes it more difficult for mom and dad, this is what we want for their development).
- Your child is learning a lot from moving and exploring their environment
- They are beginning to pull to stand over their feet or via half kneeling (one leg up and one knee down)
- As your child is moving more, they are now able to move from sitting to their hands and knees.
- At this age, your child is now creeping on hands and knees and some kids are walking.
- Encourage your child to crawl on their hands and knees.
- By 11-12 months, your child is moving quickly between positions of sitting, hands and knees and even standing.
- Your child is standing with support of their arms at a surface and beginning to move and side step (cruise) to both the right and the left.
- Your child is able to play in a variety of sitting positions: legs crossed (criss cross applesauce), legs straight out or side sitting
- If your child is sitting with their legs in a W, this is not a position you want them to stay in so help them get into another sitting position
- Your child is beginning reciprocal play like rolling a ball back and forth
walking, crawling up and down stairs and independent standing
- Your child is really moving: walking, climbing, going up and down the stairs.
- By 18 months, you child will be walking on their own. They may start slowly taking a few steps with their arms up and out to the side. As they get more balanced and confident, their speed will increase and their arms will come down.
- Once walking, your child gets more dynamic and can walk and retrieve an item from the floor, walk a few steps backwards and is beginning to run.
- Your child is able to stand independently in the middle of the room.
- Your child is also able to transition into a standing position in the middle of the room without pulling up with their arms.
- Your child is crawling up and down the stairs on their hands and knees. They are beginning to attempt walking up the stairs holding your hand or the railing.
- Your child is advancing will ball play and attempting to kick a ball and fling/ throw a ball.
walking up and down the stairs, running, and jumping off 2 feet
- Your baby is now a toddler and really on the move.
- Your child is now running and increasing their speed and fluidity with walking.
- Your child is walking up and down the stairs holding on to the railing and by 2 is working on climbing the stairs without holding on.
- Now your child is wanting to jump. They will attempt to jump off the bottom step or jump on the ground.
- As their balance continues to improve, your child is now able to lift one leg and balance on one foot for short periods.
running, climbing, single leg balance, throwing and catching a ball
- Your toddler is now running, climbing and truly on the go.
- Your child is able to kick a small ball forwards and throw a ball overhead.
- When you throw a ball to them, your child will present their arms to catch but may not be able to catch a ball consistently.
- Your child is able to jump off the bottom step and land on 2 feet. They will first jump by jumping of 2 feet just 1-2 inches in the air and then be able to jump up and get something overhead.
- Your child is able to imitate walking on tip toes (we do not want them walking on tip toes all the time).
- Your child is walking up and down the stairs with one foot on each step without holding onto the railing.
- Your child is able to get onto a tricycle and begins to attempt to pedal.
riding a bike, hopping on one leg, kicking and throwing a ball to a target
- Your child is able to climb on and off a tricycle on their own and is able to pedal the bike independently.
- Your child is able to balance on one foot for more than 3 seconds and begins to hop on one foot.
- Your child is able to jump forwards off 2 feet and is able to jump consecutively. Your child is able to jump sideways and starting to jump over obstacles by age 5.
- By 5, your child will be able to jump rope and ride a bike.
- Your child is running with a fluid arm movement and walking on curbs or a balance beam.
- Your child is able to kick a ball to a target and then kick a ball rolled to them.
- For throwing, your child is able to throw a ball to a target, throw forwards and throw a ball up in the air.
- Your child is able to catch a ball thrown to them but is still using their body to catch the ball.