Important Developmental Milestones

These milestones are a guideline, but remember every child develops differently.
If you have questions or concerns about your child, please email us at or complete a consultation form.

Developmental Milestone

head control, active movements in extremities, and turning head

  • The most important part of the first 3 months is establishing a sleep wake cycle (your child will sleep a lot these first few months but that’s because they are growing and sleep is important)
  • By 2 months, your child is lifting their head and turning from one side to the other (want to encourage turning to both right and left sides)
  • Active movements of the arms and legs while on back (reaching up and kicking)
  • Your child is beginning to attempt to roll from back to stomach
  • In a supported sitting position, you child is able to hold their head in the middle
  • On the back or in a supported sitting position (on the back is easier), your child will visually track a toy from one side across the middle to the other side.
  • Your child is beginning to open and close their hands

Developmental Milestone

head control, rolling and supported sitting

  • By 3 months, you child should be able to hold their head up in a supported sitting position and lift their head up when on their tummy.
  • Rolling from their back to stomach and stomach to back (over both sides)
  • Pressing up on their hands and beginning to straighten their arms when in Tummy time
  • Beginning to reach for toys with both hands while on tummy
  • On tummy, starting to shift weight from one side to another
  • Sitting with arms forward (prop sitting) and weight through their arms and by 6 months close to sitting independently
  • Your child is bringing objects to the middle and beginning to hold the bottle with both hands

Developmental Milestone

sitting, moving in and out of sitting and emerging crawling

  • You child is now able to sit independently
  • In sitting, your child is now starting to reach for toys and return to an upright sitting position to play with toys with both hands
  • From a sitting position, your child will reach for toys and then transition onto their tummy for play and then push from their tummy back into a sitting position.
  • By 8-9 months, your child will continue to get stronger and will be able to go from laying on their back right up into a sitting position.
  • In tummy time, your child is able to push up onto straight arms and then tuck legs underneath them to get onto their hands and knees
  • In hands and knees, your child will begin to rock back and forth and could potentially begin creeping forward on their hands and knees.
  • It is not abnormal for children to begin crawling by going backwards but the goal is a forward motion with crawling.
  • While on their back, your child will bring their feet to their hands and eventually their feet to their mouth.

Developmental Milestone

crawling, pulling to stand and cruising

  • Now your child is getting mobile and mischievous (although it makes it more difficult for mom and dad, this is what we want for their development).
  • Your child is learning a lot from moving and exploring their environment
  • They are beginning to pull to stand over their feet or via half kneeling (one leg up and one knee down)
  • As your child is moving more, they are now able to move from sitting to their hands and knees.
  • At this age, your child is now creeping on hands and knees and some kids are walking.
    • Encourage your child to crawl on their hands and knees.
  • By 11-12 months, your child is moving quickly between positions of sitting, hands and knees and even standing.
  • Your child is standing with support of their arms at a surface and beginning to move and side step (cruise) to both the right and the left.
  • Your child is able to play in a variety of sitting positions: legs crossed (criss cross applesauce), legs straight out or side sitting
    • If your child is sitting with their legs in a W, this is not a position you want them to stay in so help them get into another sitting position
  • Your child is beginning reciprocal play like rolling a ball back and forth

Developmental Milestone

walking, crawling up and down stairs and independent standing

  • Your child is really moving: walking, climbing, going up and down the stairs.
  • By 18 months, you child will be walking on their own. They may start slowly taking a few steps with their arms up and out to the side. As they get more balanced and confident, their speed will increase and their arms will come down.
  • Once walking, your child gets more dynamic and can walk and retrieve an item from the floor, walk a few steps backwards and is beginning to run.
  • Your child is able to stand independently in the middle of the room.
  • Your child is also able to transition into a standing position in the middle of the room without pulling up with their arms.
  • Your child is crawling up and down the stairs on their hands and knees. They are beginning to attempt walking up the stairs holding your hand or the railing.
  • Your child is advancing will ball play and attempting to kick a ball and fling/ throw a ball.

Developmental Milestone

walking up and down the stairs, running, and jumping off 2 feet

  • Your baby is now a toddler and really on the move.
  • Your child is now running and increasing their speed and fluidity with walking.
  • Your child is walking up and down the stairs holding on to the railing and by 2 is working on climbing the stairs without holding on.
  • Now your child is wanting to jump. They will attempt to jump off the bottom step or jump on the ground.
  • As their balance continues to improve, your child is now able to lift one leg and balance on one foot for short periods.

Developmental Milestone

running, climbing, single leg balance, throwing and catching a ball

  • Your toddler is now running, climbing and truly on the go.
  • Your child is able to kick a small ball forwards and throw a ball overhead.
  • When you throw a ball to them, your child will present their arms to catch but may not be able to catch a ball consistently.
  • Your child is able to jump off the bottom step and land on 2 feet. They will first jump by jumping of 2 feet just 1-2 inches in the air and then be able to jump up and get something overhead.
  • Your child is able to imitate walking on tip toes (we do not want them walking on tip toes all the time).
  • Your child is walking up and down the stairs with one foot on each step without holding onto the railing.
  • Your child is able to get onto a tricycle and begins to attempt to pedal.

Developmental Milestone

riding a bike, hopping on one leg, kicking and throwing a ball to a target

  • Your child is able to climb on and off a tricycle on their own and is able to pedal the bike independently.
  • Your child is able to balance on one foot for more than 3 seconds and begins to hop on one foot.
  • Your child is able to jump forwards off 2 feet and is able to jump consecutively. Your child is able to jump sideways and starting to jump over obstacles by age 5.
  • By 5, your child will be able to jump rope and ride a bike.
  • Your child is running with a fluid arm movement and walking on curbs or a balance beam.
  • Your child is able to kick a ball to a target and then kick a ball rolled to them.
  • For throwing, your child is able to throw a ball to a target, throw forwards and throw a ball up in the air.
  • Your child is able to catch a ball thrown to them but is still using their body to catch the ball.